The earth’s limited resources have been wastefully exploited in their distribution and uses, causing irreversible changes on the environment. The concept of sustainability or green design calls for respect of the planet’s resources by its inhabitants. Designing is about satisfying a need within a set of limits and sustainability being a need, demands serious consideration during the design process and in manufacturing. People must strive to engage in activities that minimally affect the state of the planet, striving to leave it the same way they found it in order to ensure resources are left for future generations. Therefore, each stage of the design process requires the consideration of a product’s life cycle to really implement sustainable practices in the product’s design. Products need to be durable, reusable, recyclable and biodegradable, minimal and efficient use of energy and waste management need to be observed during raw material harvesting, transportation, packaging and disposal and energy should be sourced from renewable sources. These guidelines act as constraints that transform the design process into a more engaging and challenging process rather than designing to put a product into the market. A designer hence needs to acknowledge the fact that sustainability is a need whose consequent constraints are non-negotiable and vital for the healthy existence of every living thing.
The research paper will be sectioned into five chapters. Chapter one will describe the introduction and background leading to this study, problem statement, objectives resulting into research questions, significance of this study to the design industry and the scope of the research, as well as the limitations and finally the justification of the study. Chapter two entails a critical analysis of literature on sustainability, sustainable materials and Ndebele patterns. Chapter three will outline the research design adopted by the researcher, the methodology used by the researcher to collect, analyse and present data of this study. Chapter four will contain a qualitative and quantitative analysis of Tiva A and B apartments – the case study to this research, the presentation and interpretation of findings. Lastly, chapter five will be a summary of the findings, and the researcher’s recommendations on the four thematic areas of interior design of the site.


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